Law is a set of rules that are enforceable through governmental and social institutions. It serves as a basis for social and economic change, and it can also protect individuals and minorities.
Law is divided into three categories: civil law, common law, and statutes. Each category has its own special characteristics.
Civil law systems typically have less detailed judicial decisions and are shorter than common law systems. They are also easier to update research.
Common law systems have more detailed and complex judicial decisions. They are also based on precedent, which means that a court’s decision is binding for the future.
Constitutions are also important. They can influence the creation of laws and rights.
In some countries, the government has the power to make state-enforced laws through a decree or executive action. They are also used to regulate public services and utilities.
In the United States, law is also governed by a federal court system. These courts interpret the U.S. Constitution, provide historical background, and define the rule of law.
There are also specific legal systems for a particular industry. For example, water and gas industries are regulated. Companies operating in these industries are bound by different levels of social responsibility.
Some legal systems also have their own system for interpreting the law. Some examples include the golden rule and systemic interpretation.
There are also specific areas of law, such as consumer law. This includes directives on airline baggage insurance, and it aims to protect the interests of consumers.