Automobiles are motor vehicles used for passenger transportation and typically propelled by an internal combustion engine fueled by gasoline, or a combination of fuels. Modern automobiles are complex technical systems, involving a wide range of subsystems designed with specific functions. These subsystems include the chassis, engine, transmission system and the body. Thousands of research and development engineers and scientists worldwide are employed in the design and engineering of these systems, which have made the automobile one of the most universally used and important human-made technologies in history.
The invention of the automobile was a major step forward in society. It gave people greater freedom and access to jobs and services. Industries like automotive manufacturing grew and services like gas stations sprang up. The automobile also helped women gain access to jobs that were traditionally held by men. Women drove around town with “votes for women” banners to protest for their rights in the 1910s and 1920s.
Having a car gives you the ability to travel more freely and visit loved ones. This is especially beneficial for those who live in areas with limited public transportation options. Additionally, cars offer you a more personal space to transport things like groceries and luggage. Having your own vehicle will also save you time on transportation as you can avoid congested highways and main roads.
Today’s automobile market is more diverse than ever before. New vehicle categories are emerging while others fade away. Leading the way is a growing number of SUVs in all shapes and sizes, along with hybrid electric vehicles with impressive driving ranges.